BASIC SENTENCE

schlechte horror spiele A basic sentence is a group of words that convey an idea. A basic sentence must have at lease one subject and one verb. However, some phrases such as imperative sentences may not include a subject.

den der ler sidst ler bedst A sentence may be…

  1. a) A simple statement:

ruby laser autonivel there I am hungry.

It isn’t raining.

 

  1. b) A question:

Are you OK?

How is it going?

 

  1. c) an imperative:

Go out.

 

Sentences begin with a capital word and end with a full stop (.). The fullstop may be replaced with a question mark (?), and exclamation mark (!) or triple dot (…) depending on the meaning of the sentence.

 

 

PARTS OF A SENTENCE

 

1) Subject and Verb

A simple sentence must have at least one subject and one verb. A verb cannot be used without a subject, and a subject cannot be used without a verb. In the English language , the subject is always specified. Subject is the person undertaking the action. The subject can be a living or a non-living thing, as well as a pronoun (I, he, they, we, you, this). The sentence structure is subject + verb.

 

 

The below examples are structured as subject+verb.

  • Subject + Verb

My father watches the news every evening.

We speak English.

John will come tomorrow.

She is reading a book.

The elephant lives in Africa.

 

 

2) Object 

Some  verbs connote an action involving an object, such as playing “football”, read “a book”, break “the window”. The noun that is affacted by the action is called the “object.” In the English language, the object is placed after the verb:

I like football: subject + verb + object.

Adverbs of time, and place are placed at the end of the sentence.

  • Verb + object

I like football a lot.

John is reading a book.

He brushes his teeth every day.

They draw pictures in the workshop.

 

Some verbs are used with prepositions (at, in, on, to, with, about, for). In such cases, the object is placed after the preposition.

I am thinking about you.

They are listening to a Turkish song.

Look at the picture.

 

 

3) Subject complement 

The verb “to be” connects the subject and the object or noun group together. In this case, the verb “to be” is considered a “linking verb,” and the object or the noun group in this case is considered the “complement.” Other linking verbs include “appear, become, seem, feel, taste, sound, smell, remain, grow.”

 

  • Subject + Verb+ Complement

am hungry.

John is a good student.

She seems happy.

feel awful today.