COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS

schlechte horror spiele Coordinating Conjunctions are “for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so”. These words can combine words or word groups or even two subclauses. If a coordinating conjunction is combining two subclauses, a comma is usually used before the conjuction.

den der ler sidst ler bedst  

  • ruby laser autonivel there And

 “And” is used to combine words and sentences. When used to combine sentences, the actions connected tend to be parallel to each other, follow each other, or caused by one another.

I like basketball and volleyball.

He opened the window and took a deep breath.

John dropped the vase and her father shouted at him.

His office is far, and he has to walk for minutes.

 

And is used right before the last item in a list. In such cases, the use of comma before “and” is optional. If the writer wants to emphasize that the last two items in the list are not combined (such as “fish and chips”), then the writer may use a comma.

There is a pencil, a book, an eraser, and a pen in my bag.

 

  • Or

I don’t like basketball or volleyball.

You can stay in, or you can come with us.            (to connote an alternative)

Go out, or I’ll call the police.                                      (or else, otherwise)

 

  • But

Connotes contrast, and is used when making a statement contrary to the first one. Usually a comma is used before “but”.

John earnt lots of money, but he wore old clothes.

Jill lives in the same city, but we can hardly see her.

 

But can also be used to replace “except”.

Everything is changing but you.

 

ps: When the subject of both subclauses are the same, “or, and, but” may not be repeated, and comma is not used.

He opened the window and he took a deep breath.

= He opened the window and took a deep breath.

You can stay in, or you can come with us.

= You can stay in or come with us.

John earnt lots of money, but he wore old clothes.

= John earnt lots of money but wore old clothes.

 

  • So

“So” is used to express causality.

I was late, so I took a taxi.

A mouse bit John’s finger when he was a child, so he hates mice.

 

  • For

When “for” is used in the same meaning with “because”, it cannot be used at the beginning of the sentence, and must be following a comma.

John became a manager just after university, for his uncle was a minister.

The teacher is speaking to the students, for they never do homework.

 

  • Yet

I live in İstanbul, yet my favourite city is İzmir.

Not everybody is here, yet we can start the lecture.

 

  • Nor

“Nor” is used in inverted sentences, and the phrase following “nor” begins with the auxiliary verb (like in an interrogative phrase).

Hans doesn’t play basketball, nor does he like volleyball.

No students want to go to the trip this weekend, nor have they planned to do anything else.