IF CLAUSE TYPE 1

schlechte horror spiele As expressed in the previous article, the “if clause” allows us to use multiple tenses in the same phrase. For example, we can use the Simple Present Tense in the “if” clause, while forming the main clause with the Future Tense; similarly, we can use other tenses both in the “if” clause and in the other clauses. We will cover this subject by grouping the “type 1” if clauses into two as forms that can be used in the main clause and forms that can be used in the “if” clause.

den der ler sidst ler bedst ruby laser autonivel there 1-      Forms that can be used in the Main Clause

  • “Will” and its varying uses (will be going, will have gone, will have been going)
  • I applied to a software firm last week, and I may get the job. If I am hired, I will be workingthere as a software developer next month.
  • If mum starts cooking right away, she will have preparedthe dinner by the time my father comes back from shopping. Then we can drink our evening tea together.
  • Graham has been working for this company for over ten years now, and if everything goes alright, he will have been working here for thirteen years by the time he retires.

b-      May / Might / Could

  • If the weather continues as hot as this we may / might / couldgive a garden party at this weekend.
    (Perhaps we will give the party)
  • If productivity keeps rising at its present rate, average wages may / might / could rise by 56 per cent over that time.
    (Perhaps there will an increase in wages)

 

c-       May (permission) and can (permission or ability)

  • If Rupert finishes the project earlier than expected today, he may / can leavework early.
    (permission)
  • If it stops raining before it gets dark, you can play in the garden.
    (permission or ability)

d-      Must, have to have got to (necessity) / should, ought to, had better (advisability) and any expression of command, request, suggestion or advice

  • Necessity
    If we don’t want to be late for the beginning of the play, we have to / must / have got to leaveat once.
  • Advisability
    If you want to get rid of this sore throat, you should / ought to followthe doctor’s instructions.
    If students don’t want to be punished, they had better be
    If you don’t want to put on weight, take up a sport.
  • Request
    If this project isn’t urgent, could I leavea little early this evening.
    If you do not have anything to do now, can you help me with the laundry?
  • Preference
    If this game isn’t worth buying, I would rather buy this one here.
  • Öneri – Suggestion
    If the weather continues as hot as this at the weekend,   why don’t we goto the beach?
                                                                                            shall we go to the beach?
                                                                                            let’s go to the beach.
                                                                                            we could go to the beach.

e-      The Simple Present Tense

Even though the use of Simple Present tense is not that common in the main clause, we can use Simple Present Tense in the main clause when speaking about our habits, natural events, or actions that we take upon the fulfillment of a particular condition. For example:

  • If someone shouts at Nigel when he doesn’t deserve it, he gets very angry. (general)
  • If you boil water, it evaporates/ will evaporate*.
  • If the temperature drops below O⁰C, water freezes/ will freeze*.
    *Here we can use Future Simple Tense as well.

 

2-      Forms that can be used in “If” clauses

Simple Present is the tense most commonly used in if clauses. The other forms used for if clauses are:

a-      Can (permission or ability)

  • If Cedric can passthis exam, he will be one of the lucky ones. (ability)
  • If Celestia can leavework earlier today, shall we meet up and go to the theatre? (permission)

b-      Have to (necessity)

  • If he has to goto the meeting, he’ll let you know.
  • If Jeremy has to worktonight, he won’t be able to come to the theatre with us.

c-       Present Continuous Tense

In if clauses, we can express an action that is taking place real time.

  • If you are lookingfor your glasses, they are on the table in the dining room.
  • I can tell Derek the good news as soon as I get home, if he’s not sleeping.

d-      Present Perfect Tense

We can use the Present Perfect Tense in the “if clause” in order to convey the meaning “if you have finished/completed your job/work. For example,

  • If you haven’t playedthis game yet, I can lend it to you.
  • If you have finishedpainting your house, may I borrow your roller for a while?

e-      Should

In cases when the probability is comparatively lower, we must use “should” to express this. For example,

  • If you need a hand, you can call me for help.
  • If you should needa hand, you can call me for help.

Although the two sentences above do not seem to be very different, it is also quite possible that the person saying the second sentence needs less help. The meaning conveyed is “you probably won’t need help, but if you do need it, you may call me.”

  • If should rain, we will have to cancel the garden party.
  • If Felix should callyou, can you give him a message?