ruby laser autonivel there a- Would and would be going
You are not rich, so you can’t buy that Jaguar.
If I were rich, I would buy that Jaguar.
I don’t know Italian, so I will have trouble on my trip to Italy.
If I knew Italian, I wouldn’t have trouble on my trip to Italy.
I have a very hard exam tomorrow, so I’m studying hard right now.
If I didn’t have a very hard exam tomorrow, I wouldn’t be studying hard right now.
b- Could, would be able to, might and would have to
I don’t know any Italian, so I can’t help you with your Italian assignment now.
If I knew some Italian, I could help you with your Italian assignment now.
I won’t have any time tomorrow, so I can’t / won’t be able to help you with the painting.
If I had some time tomorrow, I could / would be able to help you with the painting.
Tomorrow is a national holiday, so my family and I can / will be able to have a garden party together.
If tomorrow weren’t a national holiday, my family and I couldn’t / wouldn’t be able to have a garden party together.
Peter can’t get the job, because he can’t speak Turkish.
If Peter could speak Turkish, he might / could get the job.
I have a presentation tomorrow, so I have to study for it tonight.
If I didn’t have a presentation tomorrow, I wouldn’t have to study tonight.
Because she is already good at driving, she doesn’t have to practice for the driving test now.
If she weren’t good at driving, she would have to practice for the driving test now.
2- Forms that can be used in “if” clauses
a- (was / were) / Past form of “be”
As you may have realized in the examples we gave above, in all if clauses we used the verb to “be” as “were” for all subjects. Although it is possible to use “was” for the subject pronouns “I, he, she, it”, usually all subject pronouns are used with “were” in this form. For example:
It is very cold now, so we can’t go out for a walk.
If it weren’t very cold now, we could go out for a walk.
We will be out of the country next week, so they can’t visit us.
If we weren’t out of the country next week, they would / could visit us.
If I were you, I would stop working there. Your wage is below the minimum level.
b- Past Tense
In if clauses, if past tense is being used, the meaning conveyed is either “present” or “future”. For example:
My brother doesn’t know that I’ve come back from abroad, so he won’t come to see me tonight.
If he knew that I’d come back from abroad, he would come to see me tonight.
His friends won’t come to his birthday party tomorrow, and he is disappointed.
If his friends came to his birthday party, he would be very happy.
If the meaning of the future tense is related to the future tense in the “if clause”, then, simple past tense can be replaced with “was to do / were to do.” For example;
Real: I will help her tomorrow, so she won’t have any difficulty painting her house on her own.
Conditional: If I didn’t help / weren’t to help her tomorrow, she would have some difficulty painting her house on her own.
Real: I won’t resign from my job.
Conditional: If I resigned / were to resign I wouldn’t find another one so well-paid.
c- Past Continuous Tense (was / were going)
When the opposite of an ongoing action (am/is/are going) is the matter of subject, then “was/were going” is used. For example;
Zack is sleeping now, so he can’t help us.
If Zack weren’t sleeping now, he could help us.
I am working now, so I can’t go out with you.
If I weren’t working now I would go out with you.
d- Could and had to
Sarah can’t leave the school early today, so she can’t meet us to go the theatre.
If Sarah could leave the school early today, we could go to the theatre together.
I don’t have to get up early tomorrow, so I don’t have to go to bed early tonight.
If I had to get up early tomorrow, I would have to go to bed early tonight.
Similar to what we have explained in type 1, in type 2, using “should” in an “if” clause hints that the possibility is lower. For example;
If I were to see her tomorrow, I would give her your message.
If I should see her tomorrow, I would give her your message.
If there were another world war, it would be the last.
If there should be another world war, it would be the last.