IF CLAUSE TYPE 3

schlechte horror spiele den der ler sidst ler bedst 1-      Forms that can be used in the main clause

ruby laser autonivel there a-      Would have gone and would have been going

I didn’t work regularly, so I didn’t finish my homework in time.
If I had worked regularly, I would have finished my homework in time.

I started to study late, so I was still studying at midnight.
If I had started to study earlier, I wouldn’t have still been studying at midnight.
b-      Would have had to and would have been able to

My brother didn’t help me with my homework, so I had to work on it until midnight last night.
If my brother had helped me with my homework, I wouldn’t have had to work on it until midnight last night.

We took a taxi to the airport, so we were able to catch the plane.
If we hadn’t take a taxi to the airport, we wouldn’t have been able to catch the plane.

 

c-       Might have done (possibility) and  could have done (permission or ability)

I had the required qualifications, so I got the job.

If I hadn’t had the required qualifications, I might not have got the job.
(Perhaps I wouldn’t have gotten the job…)

Paul learnt all the formulas by heart, so he did very well on the test.
If Paul hadn’t learnt the formulas by heart, he couldn’t have done that well on the test.
2-      Structures that can be used in “if clauses”

a-      Past Perfect Tense

There wasn’t enough time, so we had decided to delay the meeting.
If there had been enough time, we would have held the meeting.

We didn’t obey the speed limit, so we got a ticket for speeding.
If we had obeyed the speed limit, we wouldn’t have got a ticket for speeding.

b-      Past Perfect Continuous Tense (had been going)

Samuel wasn’t wearing his seat belt at the time of the accident, so he got badly injured.
If Samuel had been wearing his seat belt at the time of the accident, he wouldn’t have got so badly injured.

Kirk was studying when she got home, so she couldn’t give him the news right away.
If Kirk hadn’t been studying when she got home, she could have given him the news right away.
c-       Had had to and had been able to

Laura had to work on her school project last night, so she missed her favourite programme on TV.
If Laura hadn’t had to work on her school project last night, she could have watched her favourite programme on TV.

couldn’t get permission from my father to go to the camping trip, so I couldn’t come with you.
If I had been able to get permission from my father to go to the camping trip, I would have been able to come / could have come with you.
Here we complete the forms and structures that can be used in “if” clauses. Below you can find a table that summarizes all these structures and forms. Please review it carefully:

 

SUMMARY

Tenses for Type 1

If Clause Main Clause
do / does
am / is / are going
have / has gone
can, have to, must, should
be to go
will
will be going, will have gone
will have been going
may / might
can
must, have to, have got to
should, ought to, had better,
could (possibility)
could (recommendation)
Expressions of suggestion, advice, request or command

 Tenses for Type 2

If Clause Main Clause
was / were
did, was / were to go
was / were going
could
had to
should
would, would be going
would be able to, would have to
could
might

 Tenses for Type 3

If Clause Main Clause
had done
had been going
had had to go
had been able to go
would have gone
would have been going
could have gone
might have gone
would have had to go
would have been able to go