schlechte horror spiele For learners of English whose native languages do not include articles, this subject may look a little difficult at the beginning. Nevertheless you can easily understand it with examples. Articles are placed before nouns and define them. There are three articles in the English language, and are separated into two groups as indefinite and definite articles. The indefinite articles are “a” and “an”, while the definite article is “the”.
As the name suggests, these articles convey a level of uncertainty. The nouns that come after them can be “any” noun. They can be used for countable nouns and objects that are not exactly specified. To give a few examples:
In this sentence, we do not know who that “12 year-old boy” is. Therefore it is suitable to use an indefinite article.
Other examples can be “a student, a man, a box, a cat” – we do not know which student, man, box or cat the speaker is talking about.
“He is a student at Hill Road School.”
In this example, the student specified is “a student of” Hill Road School. Thus, he has become any one of the students of Hill Road School.
“Sean was wearing green shoes.”
In this sentence, “green shoes” are plural, therefore we cannot use definite articles.
“Linda has long hair.”
In this sentence, “hair” is uncountable, therefore we cannot say “a hair”, although we may say “a strand of hair.”
My little sister is a doctor.
Richard is a lawyer.
A cat likes to eat meat.
Here, “a cat” refers to the general behavior of cats in general, therefore making the sentence a general statement about cats.
A man has to know his limitations.
Here “a man” refers not to a specific man, but people in general.
“An orange, an umbrella, an animal, an island, an automobile”
“A hospital, a helicopter, a hovercraft”
What you need to pay attention to here, is that the definitive rule is not always the first letter of the word, but rather the first sound. For example, the word “hour” seems to begin with a consonant; nevertheless, “h” is read as silent, making the first sound of the word a vowel. Thus, for the “hour”, we use the indefinite article “an”.
Other examples similar to “hour” are “an honor”, “an honest mistake”.
On the opposite side, there are words that seem to begin with a vowel but are used with “an”, such as “a university” and “a European”.
Definite article (the)
“The” is one of the most often used words in the English language. This word is used when the speaker knows exactly which object s/he is speaking about. Unlike indefinite articles, in this case the specified object is unique and is well-known.
In this sentence, “the Sun” and “the Earth” are unique celestial bodies known by all, and are therefore used with “the”.
Another example: “The Queen is dead.”
“The Nile River is the longest river in the world.”
“I was the tallest boy in the class.”
“You will find our house easily, it’s next to the Church.”
The church specified in the sentence conveys the meaning that it is the only church in that neighborhood.
“Look at the girl in the red dress over there!”
Here we understand that the speaker is already pointing to the specific girl at the time of speech.
“I saw a boy on the bus today. He was carrying a big red bag on his back. The boy opened the bag and took out a rabbit.”
As seen in the example, the boy is specified in the first two sentences. By the third sentence we already know which specific boy that the speaker is talking about, so the article turns to the definite one, i.e. “the”.
“The shark is not really a dangerous animal.”
Here, the speaker is not talking about a specific shark, but is rather sharing his perception on sharks in general.
“The heart is responsible for circulating blood throughout the body.”
Similarly, here, the speaker speaks about the role of heart in the human body, thereby making a statement about hearts in general.
I’m learning the piano.
Sherlock plays the guitar very well.
“The train”, “on the radio”, “the police”
“Life can be very easy for the rich.”
“Helping the disabled is everyone’s duty.”
Use of the definite article “the” with particular nouns:
“Ankara is the capital of the Republic of Turkey.”
“Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone.”
The United Kingdom / The United States / The People’s Republic of China
“the Netherlands” / “the Philippines”
The Atlantic Ocean / The Amazon / The Himalayas
The Daily Mail / The New York Times / The Wall Street Journal
The Great Sphinx / The Coliseum / The Tower of London / The Eiffel Tower
The Mona Lisa / The Sunflowers
The European Union / The United Nations
The Plaza Hotel / The Seafood Restaurant / The River Cafe
Please note that “the” cannot be used for the names of venues with the name of the owner in it:
Jackson’s Hotel / Hedrick’s Pub / Chef Geatue’s Restaurant
The Browns / The Heidelbergs
The nights get longer in the winter.
The rain is pouring down.
He could swim faster in the past.
This dance was very popular in the 1990s.