INDEFINITE PRONOUNS

  • schlechte horror spiele Indefinite pronouns are words which replace nouns without specifying which noun they replace. “Thing” is used for objects, “body” and “one” is used for human beings, and “where” is used for places.

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  • ruby laser autonivel there for things:
    • something       anything          nothing           everything

 

  • for people:
    • somebody       anybody          nobody           everybody
    • someone          anyone            no one                         everyone

 

  • for places:
    • somewhere      anywhere        nowhere          everywhere

 

  1. a) Usually the indefinites constructed with “some” are positive, and those constructed with “any” are negative:
  • There’s someone at the door.
  • He always goes somewhere at the weekends.
  • I’ve got something interesting to tell you.
  • Somebody broke the window.
  • Is there anyone in the kitchen?
  • Have you got anything to tell me?
  • I don’t know anybody in this city.
  • I can’t find my ring anywhere.

 

  • We can use indefinites constructed with “some” in question forms:
  • Would you like something to eat?
  • Can I speak to someone?

 

  1. b) Words formed with “any” refer to an unspecified member in a group.
  • Anyone can make mistakes.
  • We can meet anywhere. It doesn’t matter.

 

  1. c) Indefinites such as “no one” and “nowhere” already have the word “no” in them; therefore they do not require the word “not” to convey a negative meaning.
  • No one can run faster than a horse.
  • I can find him nowhere.
  • I have a car and a house. I need nothing else.
  • There is nobody else at home. I’m alone.

 

  • Please compare the sentences below: 
  • There is no one at home.    | There isn’t anyone at home.
  • I have got nothing in the bag.     |             I haven’t got anything in the bag.
  • He went nowhere.                | He didn’t go anywhere

 

  • While beginning a sentence, “no” is often preferred instead of “any” and “not”.
    • No one has got a pen. (instead of “Anyone hasn’t got a pen.”)
  1. d) Indefinites constructed with “every” can be used in positive, negative and interrogative sentences.
  • Everyone wants to be happy.
  • I don’t know everything about the accident.
  • Can I use this credit card everywhere?
  1. e) Indefinite pronouns are used with only one verb:
  • Nobody is perfect.
  • Everyone likes football.
  1. f) If an indefinite pronoun is used with an adjective, the adjective must be placed after the pronoun.
  • I need something new.
  • Is there anything wrong?
  1. g) When replacing indefinites made with “one” and “body” with pronouns, we use “he,” “he or she” or “they.”
  • Somebody lost hiswallet on the bus.
  • Somebody lost his or herwallet on the bus.
  • Somebody lost theirwallet on the bus.