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When expressing possession, we usually use “of” for non-living things and abstract concepts. While using “of”, we first say the thing that is possessed.
the name of the game
the windows of my house
We can use both “ ‘s” (apostrophe + s) or “of” for names of places.
Turkey’s population / the population of Turkey
the club’s rules / the rules of the club
the world’s problems / the problems of the world
We can always use “of” with words such as “front, bottom, top, etc.”
The botom of the ocean
We can use “of” to convey the meaning of possession for long noun groups:
What is the name of the boy sitting over there?
We use “ ’s ” for relating nouns to time:
three weeks’ holiday
an hour’s conference
We use the apostrophe for plurals that end with “-s”:
my parents’ room
Proper nouns ending with “-s” can only receive the apostrophe:
Enis’s car / Enis’ car
The “apostrophe + s” (’s) conveys a place/office/shop:
the doctor’s = doctor’s office, the chemist’s = the chemist’s shop
I’ve been to the doctor’s today.
Using the apostrophe at the end of a noun group conveys the meaning of possession:
My father and my father’s room
Using the apostrophe for each noun in a sentence conveys the meaning of possession separately for each of those nouns.
My father’s and my father’s names
“Of” can be used to prevent confusion regarding the singularity or plurality of humans or animals.
“the mother of the boy”: only one son
“the mother of the boys”: multiple sons