REPORTED QUESTIONS

schlechte horror spiele While reporting questions we use verbs such as “ask, want to know, inquire, etc.” We also change pronouns and tenses (as we do while reporting positive sentences). For example, we change the pronouns (such as I, you, my, etc.) in a way that will suit the person whose sentence we report. Similarly, while reporting a phrase constructed in the past tense (such as asked, wanted to know, etc.), we convert the tense in the interrogative phrase into past tense as well.

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ruby laser autonivel there ■ Reporting questions constructed with an interrogative:

 While reporting questions, we re-construct the interrogative sentence as a regular sentence; i.e. the auxiliary verb is placed after the subject.

 

‘What are you doing?’ the policeman asked the men.

The policeman asked the men what they were doing.

 

‘What is your name?’ he asked me.

He asked me what my name was.

 

‘Where can I park my car?’ he wanted to know.

He wanted to know where he could park his car.

 

“How long have you lived in this city?” he asked Marry.

He asked Marry how long she had lived in the city.

 

 

Since the interrogative form is taken out, we do not use the auxiliary verbs “do, does, did” while reporting questions:

 

‘Where do you live, Jill?’   I asked Jill.

I asked Jill where she lived.

 

‘What does your father want to do?’  he asked.

He asked what my father wanted to do.

 

■ Yes / No questions in reported speech

 

While reporting questions that do not begin with an interrogative, we use “if” or “whether.” The interrogative form is deconstructed, and a regular sentence is formed by placing the auxiliary verb after the subject.

 

‘Are you hungry?’ Tom asked me.

Tom asked me if I was hungry.

 

‘Can you speak Chinese?’  my boss asked Fatma.

My boss asked Fatma whether she could speak Chinese.

 

‘Do you play a musical instrument?’  she wanted to know.

She wanted to know  whether  I played a musical instrument.

 

‘Did you see Ali yesterday?’ Ahmet asked Lucy.

Ahmet asked Lucy if she had seen Ali the day before.