SINGULAR AND PLURAL NOUNS

schlechte horror spiele Most nouns take ‘den der ler sidst ler bedst -s’ in the plural.
a car                      :                    cars

ruby laser autonivel there a book                  :                    books

a table                :                    tables

 

If a noun ends in ‘-ch, -sh, -s, -ss, -x, -o, -or, -oz’, add ‘-es’.

Eğer ismin sonu ‘-ch, -sh, -s, -ss, -x, -o, -or, -oz’ ile bitiyorsa çoğul yaparken ismin sonuna -es takısı eklenir.

a watch                :              watches

a brush                :              brushes

a bus                     :              buses

a dress                 :              dresses

a box                    :              boxes

a tomato             :              tomatoes

 

If a noun ends in a ‘consonant +y’, the ‘y’ changes to ‘-ies’.

a baby                  :              babies

a city                     :              cities

a fly                       :              flies

 

But if a noun ends a ‘vowel+y’, it takes only ‘-s’.

a donkey             :              donkeys

a boy                    :              boys

 

If a noun ends in ‘-f’ or ‘-fe’, the ‘-f’ or ‘-fe’ changes to ‘-ves’.

a leaf                    :              leaves

a life                     :              lives

a shelf                  :              shelves

 

But the following nouns do not follow the rule   .

a belief                :              beliefs

a chef                   :              chefs

a chief                  :              chiefs

a dwarf                :              dwarfs

a giraffe              :              giraffes

a gulf                    :              gulfs

a proof                 :              proofs

a roof                   :              roofs

a safe                   :              safes

 

Some nouns ending ‘-s’ do not change

a crossroads      :              crossroads

when they become plurals.

a species             :              species

a series               :               series

a barracks           :              barracks

a means              :              means

a headquarters                :              headquarters

 

Some words are plural in form but in singular meaning.

politics            athletics           gymnastics

billiards            measles            physics

draughts           economics          diabetes

news

 

Some nouns have irregular plurals.

a man                   :              men

a woman             :              women

a policeman      :              policemen

a mouse              :              mice

a goose                :              geese

a person              :              people

an ox                    :              oxen

a penny               :              pennies

a louse                 :              lice

a foot                   :              feet

a child                  :              children

a tooth                 :              teeth

 

Some borrowed words have plural forms in different ways.

a crisis                  :              crises

a oasis                 :               oases

a stimulus           :              stimuli

a formula            :              formulae

a nucleus            :              nuclei

a parenthesis    :              parentheses

a index                :              indexes/ indices

a criterion          :              criteria

a curriculum     :              curricula/curriculums

a syllabus           :              syllabi

a phenomenon :             phenomena

a datum               :              data

 

Some nouns in singular are the same in plural.

a fish                    :              fish

a hair                    :              hair

a salmon             :              salmon

a grouse              :              grouse

a hover-craft     :              hover-craft

a mackerel         :              mackerel

a sheep               :              sheep

a trout                  :              trout

a deer                  :              deer

a plaice                :              plaice

 

Some nouns are always plural.

arms     belongings       scissors         contents          earrings           spectacles       clothes  cattle   glasses police           remains trousers           surroundings    jeans    troops  goods  pants    tights    stairs    outskirts           congratulations savings

 

Initials can be made plural.

a UFO                   :              UFOs