1. schlechte horror spiele For when nouns are used without a personal pronoun and possession is the subject of discussion.

den der ler sidst ler bedst In such cases, we use the suffix “-s” at the end of the noun to convey the meaning of possession.

ruby laser autonivel there Jane’s dog

My mother’s clothes

The company’s economy

Yesterday’s news

Next week’s new program


  1. In cases when we want to convey possession but the noun is already plural, we use the     “ ’ ” (apostrophe) instead of “s”.

The boys’ ball

The books’ pages

The students’ shoes

The Turks’ habits


  1. When there is more than one possession conveyed in one sentence, the last noun receives “s”:

Jane and July’s dinner

Ali and Bob’s class


  1. If the word is of Latin origin and the pronunciation of the word ends with “z”, then “ ’ ” (apostrophe) is used.

Keats’ life

Socrates’ first book


  1. Use of the apostrophe depending on singularity or plurality:

One day’s work program

Seven days’ work program

An hour’s break

Four hours’ break

One week’s salary

Two weeks’ holiday

35’s beverage

1000’s box


  1. To convey the meaning of relative pronoun







  1. To specify the workplace/shop where a particular service is given:

Butcher (the profession) / Butcher’s (the shop)

Grocer (profession) / Grocer’s (the shop)


  1. To convey other meanings such as defining or expressing a specific meaning.

A grocer’s shirt: the type of shirt that a grocer wears

The grocer’s shirt: the shirt of a specific grocer

A doctor’s degree: the degree of any doctor

The doctor’s degree: the degree of a specific doctor

A winter’s night: any night in the winter

A women’s matinee: the matinee of women (without specifying which women)


ps: Please refer back to the previous topics on the use of “a”, “an” and “the”.